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Armenia is a landlocked mountainous country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Situated at the juncture of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan (Nakhijevan) to the south.

Armenia is a unitary, multiparty, democratic nation-state with an ancient and historic cultural heritage. The Kingdom of Armenia became the first state in the world to adopt Christianity as its religion in 301 AD. The modern Republic of Armenia recognizes the Armenian Apostolic Church, the world's oldest national church, as the country's primary religious establishment. Armenians have their own unique alphabet invented by Mesrop Mashtots in 405 AD.

The climate of Armenia is highland continental, which means that the country is subjected to hot summers and cold winters. The land rises to 4,090 metres (13,419 ft) above sea-level at Mount Aragats, and no point is below 390 metres (1,280 ft) above sea level.

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The History The Language The Culture The Religion

Regions

Armenia is divided into ten provinces ("marzer", singular "marz"), with the city of Yerevan having special administrative status as the country's capital. The ten provinces are Aragatsotn, Ararat, Armavir, Gegharkunik, Kotayk, Lori, Shirak, Syunik, Tavush and Vayots Dzor.

Cities

In Armenia nothing comes close to the size of Yerevan, the capital and biggest city with more than 1/3 of the population of the country.

After Yerevan comes Gyumri and Vanadzor with 1/8 and 1/10 of the population of Yerevan respectively.

Other Destinations

Getting There

By far the most popular way to reach Armenia is by flying to the capital Yerevan, and there are several companies flying there.

Alternatively one can take either a bus or mini-bus (marshrutka) from either Georgia or Iran.

Please note that the land borders with Turkey and Azerbaijan are closed, although its possible to fly from turkey to Armenia.

Getting around

What to do

People

The name Armenian was first used by neighbouring countries of ancient Armenia. Traditionally, it was derived from Armenak or Aram (the great-grandson of Hayk's great-grandson, and another leader who is, according to Armenian tradition, the ancestor of all Armenians). Armenians call Armenia "Hayastan" and themselves "Hye" (Հայ, pronounced Háï; plural: Հայեր, Haïer). The word has traditionally been linked to the name of the legendary founder of the Armenian nation, Hayk, which is also a popular Armenian name. It is also further postulated that the name Hay comes from the name of an Armenian tribe, the Hayasa. Armenians forged their national identity with the rise of powerful Armenian kingdoms, the adoption of Christianity as Armenia's state religion, and the creation of the Armenian alphabet, which spurred the development of literature, philosophy, and science.

Overall, the population of Armenians world-wide is estimated to be 10 million, many comprising Diaspora communities in Russia, the US, Europe and the Middle East. Despite dispersion and effects of globalization which have drawn Armenians to the four corners of the world, Armenians continue to uphold strong cultural, religious, and historical customs and traditions, and have a rekindled spirit regarding their homeland, Armenia.

Eat and Drink

Accomodation

Accomodation in Armenia is rarely cheap, with most hotels charging prices comparable to Europe, In Yerevan there are two hostels but outside of Yerevan things get harder.

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