Like many towns and cities in Spain and elsewhere in Europe, Barcelona has a turbulent past. With waves of different rulers in the past, including the Goths and the Moors, the city has a wealth of historical points of interest for the interested tourist. The modern age of Barcelona can in some extent be traced back to the expulsion of the Moors from the area. As the moors withdrew the area began to come to the fore, and the kingdom of Barcelona managed to control many of the islands in the Mediterranean, as well as some areas of France and Greece. This was a golden era of Catalan power in the wake of Arab rule. Unfortunately, plague, disease and sieges led to decline. Locals initiated a rebellion that resulted in the fall of the city to Felipe V from France, who banned their language and maintained a military rule over the town. The area saw a period of re-growth during Spain's adventures in the new world of the Americas. The city grew enormously and modernized thanks to its cotton industry, as well as undergoing a sort of Catalan Renaissance thanks to the romantic movement of the time, this resulted in the growth of Catalan nationalism. Turmoil erupted at the end of the 1800s with all sections of society attempting to maneuver into positions of power. The city began to struggle with a growing population which went from just over one hundred thousand to 500,000 by the early 20th century. As the city grew in industrial strength, it saw a further bloat in population as the city swelled to accommodate workers from the countryside and as the size of the working class population grew and became more demanding so did the number of strikes and protests. The independence movement never went away and by the beginning of Spain's 2nd republic there were calls for an independent state. This became a brief reality and for about 12 months the area was run by Marxists and anarchists in a show of independence. This peace did not last, however, and infighting eventually erupted into riots. During Franco's rule Barcelona stood firm against the fascist dictator, until eventually falling to his henchmen just before the outbreak of World War 2. Many locals rather fled to France than be ruled by a Fascist, and disappeared out of the country. Franco's oppression of the Catalan region began, but did nothing to halt the Catalan spirit which remains fiercely independent to this day. Presently Barcelona is the capital city of Catalonia that is part of Spain. It's additionally the most populated metropolitan area in Catalonia. It's the second largest in Spain after Madrid. Barcelona has 1,621,537 administrative units covering an area of 39square miles. As an urban center it is extended further to cover large inhabitants on a space encompassing 803 square kilometers (310 sq. miles). It's the sixth most densely inhabited metropolis space in the entire EU right after main cities like Paris, London, Madrid or Milan. Round 5 million now dwell within the metropolitan area of Barcelona. At present, it’s the largest amongst Europe's metropolis along the Mediterranean coast. Barcelona is esteemed as a major World City because of its significance in economics commerce, media, entertainment, arts, global commerce, education and particularly - tourism. It has stemmed as the major financial center. The expansion of this financial center of Spain is now overwhelming. Nonetheless, it’s among the principal Mediterranean ports of Europe. Its airport is now handling around thirty million air passengers every year in the present day, it boasts a large-ranging network of motorway and has a high velocity rail. This hub now connects France, Spain and Portugal. Presently Barcelona is the twelfths most visited city on earth and at the same time fourth most visited among the many hectic cities in Europe. There are many exotic places to visit in Europe, so apply for your British Visa or Spanish Visa or Turkey Visa or any other European Visa you want and enjoy your European Tour.
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